A number of countries in the sub-Saharan region have witnessed internal political conflicts in their post-colonial history. For decades Kenyans watched at the individual level and participated in peace negotiations at an inter-government level. Unfortunately, by 1st January 2008, the familiar became strange and the strange familiar. What we had witnessed elsewhere in Africa happened in some parts of Kenya in the beginning of 2008.

The feelings and opinion of many Kenyans is that the social cohesion developed in the past decades among Kenyans was eroded by the pre-election propaganda, post-election ethnic violence and the destruction of public and private property. Thousands of people were afflicted. Hundreds were rendered homeless and destitute, children orphaned and adults widowed. Schools and churches were also burnt. The acts of hate and lawlessness that were witnessed then signifies a society whose foundation metaphorically speaking maybe just 'sinking sand.' All these remind us that social infrastructures are made of delicate substances.

Sociologists also remind us that human existence is governed by five institutions namely-- the family, the economy, the polity, religion and the school (education). Two questions arise: in what ways does the post-election ethnic violence in Kenya, for example, reveal the failures of the family, religion and the schools/education? And if the polity as an institution becomes corrupted, in which ways does the rot affect the other institutions?

Of concern to this conference was the role of formal education through primary, secondary and tertiary institutions in transforming the populace into a responsible nation where the integrity, dignity, and rights of every individual are respected by all irrespective of ethnicity, religion, gender or status in society or political party affiliation. In which ways do internal ethnic conflicts affect educational gains? In what ways does education inform and fuel ethnic conflicts? What lessons can we learn from nations that have transcended combative politics, learned to be tolerant and to respect difference and rights of every individual? In what ways have education systems taught the young the concept of justice and human rights? What is the measure of success of an education system in countries prone to internal conflicts/wars?

The underlying aim of the conference was to facilitate a scholarly dialogue on development issues facing African nations and consequently, their impact on the education sector with special emphasis on the transformative power of education broadly stated.


The Kenya Association of Educational Administration and Management 2008 regional conference provided a forum for participants to:

a). Interact with professionals/experts, colleagues and stakeholders by exchanging ideas and shared experiences in an amiable and supportive environment.

b). Establish professional linkages.




 The relevance of national goals of education in peace and conflict management.


  • Taking stock of Education For All (EFA)
  • Ensuring retention, progression, and completion through sexuality and HIV/AIDS education
  • Sexual harassment and abuse in learning institutions. Best practice and lessons learned?

Director, Kenya Association of Educational Administration & Management - KAEAM;

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